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Outliers The Story of Success eBook ¶ Outliers The

In this stunning new book Malcolm Gladwell takes us on an intellectual journey through the world of outliers the best and the brightest the most famous and the most successful He asks the question what makes high achievers different?His answer is that we pay too much attention to what successful people are like and too little attention to where they are from that is their culture their family their generation and the idiosyncratic experiences of their upbringing Along the way he explains the secrets of software billionaires what it takes to be a great soccer player why Asians are good at math and what made the Beatles the greatest rock band


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    Gladwell argues that success is tightly married to opportunity and time on task He states that it takes approximately 10000 hours to master something and that gives me comfort It helps me feel better about my many failures at initial attempts to master things like glazing pottery algebra Salsa dancing skiing and sewing to name a few I kept thinking I've just got to put in hours if I want to do better While I can see a different way of spinning the data provided to support Gladwell's argument I didn't care In a rare moment I found myself not wanting to argue Instead I found myself reflecting on things that have felt like lucky opportunities in my own life This reflection was very humbling Moreover I felt the text tugging at the need for greater equity What could all the people with limited opportunities do if given greater opportunities? Think Darfur How many people who might have come up with the cure for pancreatic cancer been forced to spend their time standing in lines waiting for clean water or food? My own personal experience as a teacher of refugees reflects Gladwell's primary thesis Many of my refugee students are pre literate They have not been given the opportunity to gain a formal education As a result there are many well intended but misinformed people who place these students in special education courses or deem their IQ low diminishing their opportunities even The students I teach are hungry for skills and spend hours outside of class practicing They make huge gains despite earlier opportunities denied them While many will not go on to big colleges out of high school I feel like given enough opportunity and time they could make it there Sadly many have families who depend on them to work to help financially support the family Yet another limited opportunity to spend time focused on developing skills In the past week I have shared Gladwell's thesis with my students We have applied the 10000 hours to master a task to reading and writing I remind students that if we don't get our 10000 hours this year together they must continue on their own I remind them that it IS possible to move forward if they are focused and keep adding hours of work to their reading and writing We even write on the board how many hours left before we are masters 2 hours down only 9998 left to goFriday I had a student from Somalia smile and ask So it's not true that white people are smarter than black Africans? They just get chances to read? Imagine my pleasure when I could respond YES That's correct You are just as smart as any white kid in this school It's just that some of them have been reading for years and you are just getting started Thank you for your work Galdwell it is salient in today's political conversation surrounding education especially for our most vulnerable students who have been given the fewest opportunities